M a p s   O f   P a n a m a

  • Official Name: República de Panamá
  • Area: 75,517 sq km (29,157 sq mi)
  • Population: 3,232,000
  • Geographic coordinates: 9 00 N, 80 00 W
  • Currency: Balboa (B/.1 = US$ 1) US dollar
  • Form of Goverment: Constitutional democracy
  • GDP - per capita (PPP): $11,900 (2008 est.)
  • Provinces: Nine provinces, three comarcas [?]
  • Language: Spanish (official), English (14%) and indigenous Indian languages
  • Freedom House Panama Rating:
  • Political Rights Score: 1
  • Civil Liberties Score: 2
  • Status: Free

Republic of Panamá

Panama is located in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica. Its location on the Isthmus of Panama is strategic. In the year 2000, Panama took control of the Panama Canal that links the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.

The Panama Canal

It would be very hard for anyone today to imagine what the Panama Canal Zone was like in its heyday, which would have been in the 1940s and 50s. It was after the Suez Crisis of 1956 when Egypt took control of its Canal that the whole question of sovereignty over the Panama Canal and the Canal Zone began to change: you could say the whole process of decolonization in the developing world which was strongly backed by the U.S. after WWII, put an end to America’s oldest colony.